Meaning of Chikunyunga

what is Chikunyunga:

Is known as chikungunya, a virus that is transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, which causes high fever, joint pain, headache, skin rash and muscle.

Etymologically, the word chikungunya is African “kimakonde”, which means “bend”, under the curved appearance presenting the sick by the strong pains in the joints. This virus was discovered in Tanzania in 1952, and currently, it detected in nearly 40 countries from Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas.

The chikungunya virus is transmitted by a bite of infected mosquitoes, previously identified, female sex. The disease usually appears between 4 – 8 days after the mosquito bite. However, to detect the virus, the most common tests are: serological, RT-PCR and virus isolation tests.

Symptoms of chikungunya

The chikungunya virus is characterized by the following symptoms, very similar to the one of the dengue:

High fevers. Joint pains and muscle. Skin rashes. Headaches. Nausea.cansancio.

There are cases, which despite having all the symptoms above, present complications eye, neurologic, cardiac, and gastrointestinal upset. Also comes the possibility of a recovery by the patient but joint pains continue, since these can last for months and even years, these headaches are similar to the of arthritis.

Treatments for chikungunya

Treatment for chikungunya fever is still not detected, no vaccine against the virus. There is only certain antipyretics and analgesics that help relieve the symptoms. Many fluids, especially those that help increase the defense of the individual and on bedrest until total recovery is also advisable.

The majority of patients recover completely and uncomplicated, but older people and children, the disease can cause death.

Chikungunya prevention

the World Health Organization (who), established the following guidelines to prevent the outbreak of the virus chikunyunga:

reduction in deposits of natural and artificial waters that contribute to the breeding of mosquitoes. During outbreaks, apply insecticides to kill mosquitoes or treat the water of the deposits with the aim of killing the larvae contained in them.   Apply repellents to the skin and wear clothes that keep skin cover (pants, shirts long sleeve, etc) to prevent her contact with vectors. Use mosquito nets, insect coils, sprays of insecticides.

Gallery

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