what is cognitive:
The meaning of the term cognitive is related to the process of acquisition of knowledge (cognition) through information received by environment, learning, and derives from the latin cognoscere, meaning to know. Cognition involves many factors such as thinking, language, perception, memory, reasoning, attention, problem solving, decision making, etc., that are part of the intellectual development and the experience.
Cognitive psychology, in cognitive science, is related to the study of mental processes that influence the behavior of each individual and intellectual development. According to the Swiss thinker, psychologist, biologist and epistemologist Jean Piaget, intellectual activity is linked to the functioning of the own body, biological evolution of each person.
Created by Piaget cognitive theory argues that the construction of each human being is a process that occurs during the development of a person in his childhood. The process is divided into four fase:
Sensorio-motor (0-2 years): the child uses their senses (which are in full development) and motor skills to know that which surrounds him; Preoperative (2-7 years): characterized by the internalization of the reactions of the previous stage resulting in mental actions that are not yet categorizables as operations by its vagueness, inaccuracy or lack of reversibility; Operatorio-concreto (8-11 years): refers to logical operations used to solve problems; Operatorio-formal (from age 12 until 16 years of average onwards) : the child or adult can formulate really abstract thoughts, or a hypothetical deductive type thinking.
Cognitive therapy is an area of study on the influence of the thinking of the person’s behavior. The union of the two concepts was created therapy cognitive-behavioral (CBT), applied to psychotherapy.
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