Meaning of Melancholy

what is melancholy:

Melancholy is a feeling characterized by a State of deep sadness, manifested in individuals as despair, despondency and apathy to things and life.

Melancholy, in this sense, implies a tendency towards sad and pessimistic thoughts, a permanent sense of handicap and a constant in own deficiencies fixation as well as the loss of interest in affective issues.

Melancholy was created for various reasons: because we are not happy with ourselves, because we feel unhappy in life, because we believe that we need things that we can not obtain. From there that melancholy has implied a non-acceptance of our present and a propensity to detract from our accomplishments.

The word melancholy, as such, comes from the latin melancholĭa, and this in turn from the Greek μελαγχολία (melancholia), which means ‘black bile’ or ‘atrabilis’. This denomination has origins in the theory of the four humors, conceived by the ancient Greeks to explain the origin of diseases and changes in temperament in individuals.

, Depending on the influence of one of the body fluids in the body of a person, individuals could be classed as blood (blood), phlegmatic (phlegm), angry (yellow bile) and melancholic (black bile). In this sense, was the black bile which, in people, caused the sad, downcast and listless behavior that characterizes the melancholy individuals.

Melancholy in psychology

In the field of psychology, which was formerly known as melancholy, is now called the depression. In this sense, is characterized by a State of acute sadness, a deep sense of pessimism and a great discouragement and loss of interest in life in general.

As such, the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, in his grief work and melancholy, considered that, from the moment in that melancholy was installed permanently in an individual, it transformed into a pathology, because it prevented the normal development of their daily activities, making his life to social, employment and productive level. There that it is today treated as a disease and appeal to the use of antidepressant drugs for its treatment.

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