Meaning of Science

what is science:

As science refers all that knowledge acquired through study or practice, consisting of a series of principles and laws, deduced by observation and reasoning, and structured systematically to understand. The origin of the word science is tracked in the word latin scientĭa, which means ‘knowledge’, ‘know’.

As such, the science is governed by methods consist of a set of rules and steps that will validity and scientific rigor to the research process. In this sense, his findings and observations should always be objective and verifiable.

Science, in general, includes various fields of knowledge, within which each developed their own theories based on their particular scientific methods.

Science, is also closely related to the area of technology, since the great advances of science, today, are achieved through the development of existing technologies and the creation of new technologies, and vice versa.

Social sciences

Social sciences are those who study systematically the social and cultural processes product of human activity and its relationship with society. In this sense, divided his field of study in different areas, such as anthropology, sociology, politics, economics, law, history and geography, among others. The social sciences are studying the rules of coexistence of man and modes of social organization.

The accounting Sciences

Accounting sciences are those responsible for the systematisation, analysis, interpretation and presentation of the financial statements and the financial information of a business or organization, to study, measure, and analyze their heritage, as well as to determine its economic and financial situation.  Professional accounting Sciences is responsible for the planning, control and coordination of purchases, sales, applications and investments of the company. Within the company, it has the function of analysing economic developments and provide relevant information to the leaders of the company so that they can make decisions at the level of the direction of the business. Usually, payment of taxes and audits performed, and has the management of accounting.

Actuarial sciences

Modern actuarial science emerged in the early 19th century, in England. Initially, its purpose was the study of the mortality of the population, focusing in the areas of pensions and retirement. As such, actuarial science uses notions of mathematical statistics and finance to analyze the risks and expectations, in the majority of cases, in the field of the administration of insurance and pension funds. People formed in actuarial science must learn to manage the problems of insurance, social and private security, operate in the calculation of premiums for insurance, annuities, retirement plans and pensions. The area of risk assessment is also very important in actuarial sciences.

Exact sciences

The exact sciences are those that produce based on quantitative expressions of logic and mathematics, and knowledge by testing their hypotheses rigorously based on experiments or calculations. In this sense, exact sciences are which only admits strictly provable facts, principles and consequences. Some sciences are mathematics, physics, astronomy, engineering, chemistry and even some branches of biology or economy.

Natural sciences

The natural sciences are those that describe, sort and compare natural phenomena, i.e., objects of nature and the processes that take place in it; in addition, determine the relationships among them, formulate laws and rules. You can distinguish between the Sciences (physics and chemistry) and predominantly descriptive Sciences (biology, including microbiology, paleontology, geography, geology, crystallography, etc.). The field of activity of the natural sciences consists mainly of research without a specific application. They are part of the Natural Sciences Biology, geology and medicine.

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