Traditionally, Mauritius' economy has depended on sugar
production. However, sugar's role in the economy has
gradually lost significance, and its share of GDP has
decreased. In addition to sugar, tea and tobacco are also
grown as barley crops. Food production is mainly in the form
of small-scale self-sustaining cultivation, and the country
is not self-sufficient with food.
Until the 1970s, the industrial sector was small and
mainly focused on import substitution. Industrial policy in
the 1980s resulted in an investment in a free zone, EPZ
(Export Processing Zone), where imported industrial goods
are further processed for export. Since the mid-1990s, the
financial sector has also grown significantly. The country
has also invested heavily in raising the education level of
the population, mainly in IT and telecommunications.
COUNTRYAAH, the tourism sector, which employs about 10,000 people, is
the third most important source of foreign currency.