Agriculture, mainly cultivation and processing of
coconuts, has largely determined the development of
business. Often tropical storms have destroyed harvests and
infrastructure and led to a sharp decline in exports.
Fluctuating prices in the world market for copra and cocoa
have also created problems. The government of Samoa seeks
foreign investment, mainly for export-oriented industry and
tourism. Agriculture accounts for 2/3 of employment, and
self-sufficiency is still common. For domestic consumption,
breads, jams, corn and tropical fruits are mainly grown. The
important barley crops are coconuts, cocoa, taro, bananas
and coffee. During the late 1990s, the fishing industry
expanded significantly and accounts for an important part of
In 1995, a Japanese-owned factory was opened for the
production of car parts in Samoa. This is the most dominant
industrial workplace in the country. Most other industries
are small and produce products from coconuts, wood, leather
and tobacco as well as simple metal products, building
materials and food. Complementing traditional exports of
agricultural products and timber are textile products and
steel wire, which are manufactured exclusively for export.
COUNTRYAAH, the most important trading partners are New Zealand,
Australia and the United Kingdom. The constant current
account deficit is partially offset by Samoan guest workers'
home-sent money and income from growing tourism. Samoa has
also received assistance from a number of countries,
primarily Japan and the United States. The capital Apia has
the largest port and the international airport. During the
00s, tourism has increased and now it brings in more income
than commodity exports.