Nepal is a country located between India in the east, west and south and China (Tibet) to the north. In the northwestern part of the country, Nepal includes some parts of the high plateau that is characteristic of Tibet and is often referred to as the Tibetan Plateau. South of this is a mountainous belt that stretches from about 2,500 m to the top of the highest peaks of the Himalayas. The world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest, locally known as Sagarmatha, lies on the border between Nepal and China. Ten of the 16 highest mountains in the world are located in Nepal.
Nepal has a population of about 28.5 million people (as of June 2007), living on an area that is just over 3 times as large as Denmark. This corresponds to 195 people per. km². But the majority of Nepal is mountainous and less than 30% of the country is cultivated. This means that the population density in relation to the arable area is as large as approx. 700-800 pr. km². Agricultural land is similarly small, and migration from country to city is increasing.
In Nepal there are several different religions but the leading ones are Hinduism and Buddhism. More than 80% of Nepalese are Hindus, which is a higher percentage than Indian Hindus. Approx. 15% of the population are Buddhists.
- CAPITAL CITY: Kathmandu
- LANGUAGE: Nepalese
- CURRENCY: Nepalese rupee
- AREA: 140800 km2
- POPULATION: 28 million
Singapore consists of 63 islands, including the main island of Singapore. Southern Singapore around the mouth of the Singapore River and what is today known as the Downtown Core used to be the only concentrated urban area, while the rest of the country was either undeveloped tropical rainforest or used for agriculture. Since the 1960s, the government has been building new homes in remote areas, which has resulted in a completely densely populated landscape.
Singapore has a tropical rainforest climate with no special seasons. Its climate is characterized by uniform temperature and air pressure, high humidity and large amounts of precipitation. Temperatures range from 22 ° C to 34 ° C. June and July are the warmest months, while November and December are the wetter monsoon seasons.
Pretty much all existing nature in Singapore is now protected in some form. “Green city” has from the beginning been a priority for the ruling party, and it shows itself partly by protecting existing nature, but also by planting many trees, shrubs and flowers in the cityscape. Expansion of the city therefore takes place by land reclamation, or by tearing down old and building new and higher.
- CAPITAL CITY: City of Singapore
- LANGUAGE: English (main), Malay (national) Mandarin (Chinese) and Tamil
- CURRENCY: Singapore dollar
- AREA: +65
- POPULATION: 5 million
Fiji is a country located in Oceania in the South Pacific, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand. The country consists of 9 larger islands as well as 300 smaller islands and atolls of volcanic or coral origin. Of these, only 100 are inhabited.
The archipelago is located in Melanesia between Vanuatu in the west and Tonga in the east, about 5 degrees north of the crayfish’s equator. The country’s largest islands (predominantly of volcanic origin) are Viti Levu (where the capital is located) and Vanua Levu. The landscape is generally mountainous.
The climate is tropical rainy, although moderated by the influence of the sea and the fertile soil in the lowlands allows the cultivation of sugar cane and copra.
- CAPITAL CITY: Suva
- LANGUAGE: Fijian
- CURRENCY: Fijian dollars
- AREA: 18300 km2 (330 islands)
- POPULATION: 860000
According to Countryaah, Laos is located on the Southeast Asian Peninsula southeast of Thailand and is surrounded by the countries of Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, the People’s Republic of China, Thailand and Vietnam. The location has often made the country a buffer between stronger neighboring states, as well as a crossroads for trade and communications. Migration and international conflicts have contributed to the contemporary ethnic composition of the country and to the geographical distribution of its ethnic groups.
Most of the western border of Laos is defined by the Mekong River, which is an important transport artery. Smaller motorboats and piers are important means of transportation on many of the tributaries to the Mekong.
Laos has a tropical monsoon climate, with a pronounced rainy season from May to October, a dry and cool season from November to February, and a hot and dry season in March and April. Usually the monsoon occurs simultaneously all over the country, although it can vary considerably from year to year.
General elections were first held in 1955, and a coalition government led by Prince Souvanna Phouma was formed in 1957 to collapse the following year under American pressure. A coup led by parts of the army took place in 1960, but the second coalition government, also under Souvanna Phouma, did not even last as long as the first, and power came into the hands of right-wing forces under General Phoumi Nosavan later that year.
- CAPITAL CITY: Vientiane
- LANGUAGE: Lao
- CURRENCY: Kip
- AREA: 237000 km2
- POPULATION: 6 million