East Africa is primarily characterized by the sprawling mountains and deep, large inland lakes of the East African Rift. Savannas and tropical forests shape the landscape of East Africa. The coastal regions are tropical and humid, while the interior is characterized by a dry climate.
East Africa is primarily characterized by dry savannah. An exception to this is Uganda in particular, which, in contrast to its neighboring countries, has extensive and green vegetation. In Kenya and Tanzania, arid and humid landscape structures alternate. The dry savannah structure is primarily interrupted on the slopes of the mountain ranges. On the slopes of the Mount Kenya massif, a narrow strip of tropical rainforest was able to develop due to constant rainfall. The slopes of the Virunga volcano massif are also covered by mountain rainforest, where rare mountain gorillas live. At the Ruwenzori Mountains there is still a primeval rainforest to be found.
East Africa runs through a long plateau, which can already be found in the highlands of Abyssinia in Ethiopia, where the capital Addis Ababa is also located. The high plateau continues unbroken in Burundi. In addition, Rwanda is also characterized by its plateau structure. Djibouti is mainly characterized by salt basins, volcanoes and lakes. Founded by the East African Rift, East Africa is characterized by extreme natural conditions.
The island chain of the Comoros and Mauritius are of volcanic origin. In contrast to this are the Seychelles, which are not of volcanic origin, but consist of granite. They are characterized by fertile vegetation. Madagascar is partly of volcanic origin, but also has parts of hard primary rock such as basalt and granite. Both dry savannah and tropical-humid regions can be found on Madgascar. For more information about the continent of Africa, please check computerannals.com.