Climate in Prague, Czech Republic

Prague, the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic, is situated in the heart of Central Europe. Known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and vibrant culture, Prague experiences a continental climate with four distinct seasons, including warm summers, cold winters, and noticeable temperature variations throughout the year. To provide a comprehensive description of Prague’s climate, it’s essential to examine various aspects, including temperature, precipitation, humidity, and seasonal variations.

Geographical Location:

According to andyeducation, Prague is located in the northwestern part of the Czech Republic, along the Vltava River. Its geographical location inland and within the European continent contributes significantly to its climate.

Seasonal Overview:

Prague experiences four distinct seasons: spring, summer, autumn (fall), and winter. Each season brings unique weather patterns and temperature ranges.

Spring (March to May):

  • March: Spring begins in March, with average high temperatures ranging from 8°C to 12°C (46°F to 54°F). Flowers start to bloom.
  • April: April sees a further increase in temperatures, with average highs between 13°C and 17°C (55°F to 63°F). Spring foliage emerges.
  • May: May marks the arrival of milder and more comfortable weather, with average highs between 18°C and 22°C (64°F to 72°F). Outdoor activities become popular.

Summer (June to August):

  • June: Summer officially begins in June, with average high temperatures ranging from 21°C to 24°C (70°F to 75°F). The weather is warm and pleasant.
  • July: July is the warmest month, with average highs between 24°C and 26°C (75°F to 79°F). It’s a popular time for tourists, with plenty of sunshine.
  • August: August continues the warm summer weather, with average highs ranging from 23°C to 25°C (73°F to 77°F).

Summer in Prague is characterized by warm temperatures, clear skies, and occasional rainfall. It’s an ideal time for outdoor activities, exploring the city, and enjoying outdoor cafes.

Autumn (September to November):

  • September: Autumn begins in September, with average high temperatures between 19°C and 21°C (66°F to 70°F). The foliage starts to change colors.
  • October: October brings cooler temperatures, with average highs ranging from 13°C to 16°C (55°F to 61°F). Fall foliage is at its peak.
  • November: November sees a further drop in temperatures, with average highs between 7°C and 9°C (45°F to 48°F). The city prepares for winter.

Winter (December to February):

  • December: Winter officially arrives in December, with average high temperatures ranging from 2°C to 4°C (36°F to 39°F). It’s a relatively cold winter.
  • January: January is the coldest month, with average highs between 1°C and 2°C (34°F to 36°F). Snowfall becomes more common.
  • February: February continues the cold and snowy winter weather, with average highs ranging from 2°C to 4°C (36°F to 39°F).

Winter in Prague is characterized by cold temperatures, occasional snowfall, and clear skies. While it is the coldest season, it offers opportunities for winter sports in nearby mountain areas.


According to existingcountries, Prague experiences relatively balanced precipitation throughout the year, with no distinct wet or dry season. The city’s annual average rainfall is approximately 500 millimeters (20 inches). July and August are typically the wettest months, with occasional rainfall and thunderstorms. The remainder of the year sees moderate to low precipitation, including snowfall during the winter months.

Humidity and Wind:

Humidity levels in Prague are generally moderate, with no extreme fluctuations. Summers tend to have lower humidity due to the warm and dry conditions, while winters may feel slightly more humid. Winds in Prague are generally light to moderate, with occasional stronger gusts during storms or rainy periods.

Climate Variability and Extreme Weather Events:

Prague is not prone to extreme weather events like hurricanes or typhoons. However, it can experience occasional heavy rainfall and thunderstorms during the summer months. Winter cold snaps can bring sub-freezing temperatures and heavy snowfall, affecting travel and daily life.


In summary, Prague, Czech Republic, enjoys a continental climate with four distinct seasons. Summers are warm and pleasant, winters are cold and snowy, and spring and autumn provide transitional and picturesque landscapes. The city’s climate, combined with its rich cultural heritage and historic landmarks, offers a diverse range of experiences for residents and visitors alike.

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