Traditionally, Mauritius’ economy has depended on sugar production. However, sugar’s role in the economy has gradually lost significance, and its share of GDP has decreased. In addition to sugar, tea and tobacco are also grown as barley crops. Food production is mainly in the form of small-scale self-sustaining cultivation, and the country is not self-sufficient with food.
- COUNTRYAAH: Find major trading partners of Mauritius, including major exports and major imports with latest trade value and market share as well as growth rate.
Until the 1970s, the industrial sector was small and mainly focused on import substitution. Industrial policy in the 1980s resulted in an investment in a free zone, EPZ (Export Processing Zone), where imported industrial goods are further processed for export. Since the mid-1990s, the financial sector has also grown significantly. The country has also invested heavily in raising the education level of the population, mainly in IT and telecommunications.
- According to AllCityPopulation, the capital city of Mauritius is Port Louis with a population of 147,500 (2018 estimate). Other major cities include Vacoas-Phoenix, Beau Bassin-Rose Hill.
The tourism sector, which employs about 10,000 people, is the third most important source of foreign currency.