what is adolescence:
The adolescence is the period of life after childhood and prior to adulthood. Runs since are the first signs of puberty, between 10 and 12 years, up to the full development of the body and the beginning of adulthood, between 19 and 20 years approximately.
Etymologically, the word comes from the latin adolescentĭa.
Also see puberty.
Features of adolescence
In adolescence is experienced a major transformation at various levels in the human being. The child begins to feel changes in your body and in your mind that will take you to adulthood.
In the physical
Is a time of physical growth and hormonal changes. It grows in height, weight, body fat and muscle. Appears acne, adult dentition is defined, and is experienced in the vocal cords and voice change.
In the sexual
In addition to producing a change in the genitals and the appearance of hair in the pubic, underarm and throughout the body in both sexes, children begin to produce sperm and have his first ejaculation, and girls increase the breast or mammary glands, and appears the first menstruation or menarche.
In the psychological
The adolescent begins to control his emotions, and to feel and develop emotions that are identified with the love, both partner and friend; you can choose which friends and classmates will want to, and begins to search for autoafirmar will identify their selves and build self-esteem. Moreover, begins to learn tools to achieve their individual autonomy as an adult, and continues to develop the abstract and formal thinking.
Stages of adolescence
Adolescents, according to the World Health Organization (who), extends from the 10 or 11 years, until the age of 19, and is divided, fundamentally, two phases or etapa:
Early adolescence: is the period from age 10 (girls) or 11 years (children), and the 14-15 years. Late adolescence: is the period between 14 and 15 to 19 years of age.
Then follows full youth, which is the period that extends from age 19 to 24 or 25 years old. Some psychologists consider it part of adolescence.
Risks associated with adolescence
Adolescence is a stage in which people begin to be exposed to life in a way that previously were not. There that about 1.7 million teenagers die every year for various reasons.
In education, the adolescent begins to be more responsible for their time and their decisions. Of not having the proper supervision, this could lead to poorly used free time, poor school performance, contact with drugs (tobacco, alcohol, etc.). In addition, at this stage many begin to handle automobiles, which brings certain risks if not prudent enough.
In health, the adolescent begins to expose itself to acquire some eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia, malnutrition). When you start your sexual activity, there is also the risk of teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.
The social sphere, on the other hand, is very important for the teen have friends, be popular, admired and loved, etc. If this does not occur, the teenager can fall into depressions, developing trends suicide and, even, aggressive or criminal conduct.