What is Anthropology?
Anthropology is the science dedicated to the study of all aspects of human nature. It is a term from Greek origin, composed “anthropos” (man, human) and “logos” (knowledge).
The anthropology studies the origins of human beings both in physical characteristics as the biological characteristics and cultural diversity as social customs and beliefs. Anthropology involves the integration of various disciplines seeking to reflect on the biological, social, and cultural dimensions the main biological or physical anthropology area:
: studying the genetic and biological aspects of the man. Social Anthropology: it analyzes the behavior of man in society, social and political organization, social relations and social institutions. Cultural Anthropology: research cultures in time and in space, customs, myths, values, beliefs, rituals, religion, and language.
The Cultural Anthropology is subdivided in other specialties such as: ethnography, Ethnology, archaeology and Linguistics.
Reflection on society, man and their social behavior is known from classical antiquity through the thought of the great philosophers, especially the Greek Herodotus, regarded as the father of history and anthropology.
However, was only with the movement of the enlightenment in the 18th century that anthropology developed as a social science, through improving methods and classifications of the human race. In this period, the report of travellers, missionaries and traders about the habits of the natives of the newly discovered lands and debates about the human condition, were very important to the development of anthropological studies.
Anthropological studies show the cultural diversity that exist and have existed throughout our history to inculcate respect for and tolerance of other faiths and cultures.