What is Bullying:
Bullying is a word of English we can translate to the Spanish as ‘bullying’ or ‘intimidation’. As such, refers to physical and verbal intimidation that victims are children and young people at school, and which is exercised by one or several partners.
The word bullying comes from bully, that can be a verb with the meaning of ‘Bully’, or a noun that translates ‘Bully’ or ‘Bully’. Since it is an anglicism, should be written in italics.
Bullying is the practice of constant violent or intimidating acts on a person. It can be performed by one or more persons, for the purpose of aggression, do feel insecure to the victim, or to hinder their development in the classroom.
Usually, bullying begins with jokes that are intensifying, becoming heavier, until late or early, resulting in aggression, whether physical or verbal. The consequences of this are psychological and emotional damage to the individual affected by the harassment.
Tends to be practised against children or young people who differ from their peers for various reasons, and have difficulties to defend themselves or shown submissive because of low self-esteem or insecurity.
Bullying can occur in various places such as the street or the Park, but is fundamentally related to the school environment, and affects children and adolescents in his relations with his fellow students.
The bullying is related to the dynamics of abuse of power, in which a person humiliates another to feel superior, using all kinds of attack tools such as teasing, insults and physical abuse. The result is that the victim feels fearful of his attackers and avoid them.
Currently, the bullying has begun to occur even in online media, with a new mode called cyberbullying or, in Spanish, cyberbullying. This type of bullying uses of social networks and other technological resources to harass the victim.
See also cyberbullying.
On the other hand, there is that point when harassment situations take place outside the school environment, because they happen at work (grooming) or in other areas, or simply occur as isolated from abuse episodes, it is not correct to use the term bullying, which specifically concerns the bullying. In such cases, the right thing would be talking simply about intimidation, harassment, abuse, harassment or rape.
Characteristics of bullying
It can be done by an individual or by a group. It is usually performed by a certain period of time. The aggressor has a sense of superiority, which is transmitted by submission or fear of the harassed individual. The most common forms in which it is presented are assaults, threats, insults, dirty games, traps, nicknames, among others.
Verbal and physical bullying
Bullying can be both verbal and physical levels. At the verbal level, characterized by the use of insults, taunts, nicknames and humiliations, psychologically affecting the individual. On the physical level, on the other hand, bullying includes all types of attacks, such as punches, kicks and shoves.
Consequences of bullying
Individuals victims of bullying may present some of the following sintoma:
Sleep disturbances. Eating disorders. Irritabilidad.depresion.ansiedad.dolor’s head. Lack of appetite. Destructive thoughts, the desire to die.
In many cases, victims should be conducted to therapy to treat psychological marks left by aggression.