what is the malnutrition:
Malnutrition is a disease that is the product of an inadequate diet, which does not allow the absorption of the nutrients needed to maintain the balance of the organism, it occurs when foods are not consumed, and the lack of consumption of these means that a person’s body spent more caloric energy that consumes.
There are many symptoms that people facing malnutrition, but within the more noteworthy include: fatigue, dizziness and weight loss, as well as other very delicate symptoms which can cause the death of a person.
Malnutrition is a disease due to the lack of consumption of fuels and proteins necessary for an organism to work properly, this disease is associated with the death of infants and children in developing countries.
Is one of the most common diseases that exist and is closely linked to the lack of resources to buy and consume the nutrients necessary to have a proper and balanced diet that allows the correct functioning of the body.
Malnutrition and malnutrition
Often confused the term malnutrition with the word malnutrition, however, they are not the same, the word malnutrition refers to the absence of food intake, therefore, lack of calories and protein, while malnutrition is associated with deficiency, excess or imbalance intake of one or more nutrients required by the body.
Causes of malnutrition
The main cause and the most common is the lack of food intake, which leads to body to spend more energy from food consumed, however, there are environmental, social and political circumstances that may have an impact on malnutrition of a person, as well as medical pathologies that produce non absorption, or poor absorption of nutrients required.
In the first group we can mention the famines, wars, armed conflicts, displacement of populations, droughts, pests, as well as the most important of all, poverty, as seen specifically in the African countries, except Africa South and Latin America developing countries.
The second include anorexia, bulimia, celiac disease, depression, gastrointestinal problems. Malnutrition can reach conclusion in two diseases: the first is kwashiorkor, which is caused by the lack of protein in the diet and the second slump, causing a weakness to lack of total consumption of calories in the diet.
Malnutrition can occur even in the gestation of the fetus that may complicate the normal development of pregnancy, and that can lead to that the baby born with very low birth weight, is a child sick, very prone to infections, weak and impaired intellectual development and learning.
Malnutrition can lead to several health problems, within which we can name, the condition of the person’s heart, since this lost muscles making it to have weak beats generating heart failure that may result in death.
Affects the immune system, makes it weak and makes it likely the person to suffer from many diseases, as well as, infections, lack of white blood cells in the body lack of intake of food product, which makes the person sick and that diseases are difficult to cure, as it affects healing because it makes it much more slowly.
The person may have trouble learning, retention of memory and its proper intellectual development. In the same way an anemic box in person, can be generated which directly affects the blood of this.
The easiest way to prevent malnutrition is through consumption adapting food and calories that generate nutrients and energy needed by the body and the Agency for their correct functioning and development. It is important to maintain a proper and balanced diet allowing you to provide everything that your body needs, both calories, energies and fats to prevent malnutrition.
In pregnant women, it is important to eat all the nutrients they need, be well nourished, as well as the intake of extra vitamins that can be absorbed by the baby.
Infants, children and adolescents must be well fed, as well as, enjoy the service of a pediatrician who monitor the values of growth, specifically of height and weight, to see that growth is still at normal levels for their age. All this must be accompanied by the consumption of milk in children and to improve their diet and food depending on their age.
Maintain a proper, balanced diet in some cases diet healthy, it makes the body to achieve a body balance that improves the quality of people’s lives and prevents problems and diseases such as malnutrition.