what is perception:
Perception is the action and effect of perceiving. In this sense, the term perception refers to perceptions that an individual of an object can be perceived through the senses (sight, smell, touch, hearing and taste).
On the other hand, perception is knowledge or understanding of an idea. Perception began to be studied in the 19th century and is the first cognitive process, in which the individual or animal captures information from the outside and comes to the sensory systems, and is the brain in charge of forming connections of neurons that allows you to represent the image or complete idea of what was discovered.
There are different types of perception, including:
visual perception: the individual and animal obtains information through the eyes. Auditory perception: related to the sonorous sounds. Tactile perception: is relative to the senses of the skin. Taste perception: human beings perceive substances through the palate. Olfactory perception: is related to odors.
In addition to the above, there are other types of perception as:
Social perception, under which human beings constantly relates individuals of their environment, this type of perception can help obtain conclusions regarding the analysis and interpretation of the behaviors of them. Music perception: is the ability of the individual to perceive and recognize the sound, rhythm and melody. Perception of motion: is the skill that has the individual and the animal moved the head and eyes to survive the threats and dangers.
Sensory and extrasensory perception
Sensory perception is the ability to capture through the senses external signals, for example: If the individual receives a blow, you will immediately feel an intense pain that will last a few minutes.
known as the sixth sense, is the Act of obtaining a type of knowledge in ways that are different from the previously identified five senses. Extrasensory perception exist since ancient times, some examples of this type of perception son:
telepathy, tune into the mind of another person. Clairvoyance, is the ability to access a knowledge that no one has. Precognition, ability to see events before it happens, make predictions or issue warnings about the future. Retrocognition, is the ability to see past events.
Perception in psychology
According to psychology, perception is to organize and interpret stimuli which were received by the senses that help to identify the objects and events. In this sense, the perception has two stages: the sensory and intellectual, since feelings do not provide real and comprehensive vision and should be completed by the intellect.
Gestalt psychological theory, is of utmost importance with regard to this issue, it indicates that human beings perceive reality according to structure, and not in isolated or independent way. Its main exponents are: Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka, Wolfgang Köhler, and Kurt Lewin.
perception in philosophy is to describe a situation in which the spirit captures in an intuitive manner to external stimuli. There are different opinions on this subject, Descartes considers perception as an act of intelligence, at the same time Leibniz as a transitional state that involves multiple processes.