what is tolerance:
Tolerance refers to the action and effect of tolerate. As such, the tolerance is based on the respect to the other or what is different from one’s own, and can manifest itself as an act of indulgence before something does not want or cannot be prevented or the fact to bear or endure someone or something. The word comes from the latin tolerantĭa, which means ‘quality who can endure, endure or accept’.
Tolerance is a moral value that implies full respect towards each other, towards your ideas, practices or beliefs, regardless of whether they collide or are different from ours.
In this sense, tolerance is also the recognition of the differences inherent in human nature, the diversity of cultures, religions or ways of being or act.
For this reason, tolerance is a fundamental attitude to life in society. A tolerant person can accept opinions or behaviors different from those established by their social environment or their moral principles. This kind of tolerance is called social tolerance.
For its part, tolerance towards those who profess of how public beliefs or religions different to ours, or the established officially, is known as tolerance of worship, and is stipulated as such by law.
On November 16 was established by the Organization of the United Nations (UN) as the international day for tolerance. This is one of many measures of the UN in the fight against intolerance and non-acceptance of cultural diversity.
Tolerance in medicine
In medicine, the expression ‘tolerance to drugs’ is used to refer to the individual’s ability to resist certain medications. It is the reduction of the body’s response to the effects produced by a given substance. Therefore, the tolerance to a drug may decrease as a result of its excessive use. The same applies to alcohol, drugs and tobacco.
Immune or immunological tolerance is defined as the specific absence of response of the immune system against an Antigen, either own or strange, that is induced by previous contact with Antigen said. It is an active state (is not a simple absence of response), endowed with specificity and memory. This tolerance has a paramount importance in the process of organ transplantation.
Tolerance in computer science
In computer science, (in English failover) fault tolerance refers to the ability of a storage system to access information or continue functioning even in the event of a failure. The storage system must store the same information in more than one hardware component or external support as a machine or device. In this way, if there is any fault with a consequent loss of data, the system must be able to access all the information retrieving missing data from any available support.
Tolerance in industry
In engineering and design, tolerance is a concept of industrial metrology refers to the margin of error allowed in the manufacture of a product, which applies to the production of parts in series.
The term ‘zero tolerance’ is used to define the degree of tolerance to a certain law, procedure or rule, in order to avoid the acceptance of any conduct that could deviate from the established previously. For example, “zero-tolerance for drunk drivers”.