Mexico Geography and Climate

Mexico is a country that is considered a federal constitutional republic and is located in North America. The country borders the United States in the north, Guatemala and Belize, and it has coastlines to the Pacific as well as the Caribbean. This country is the fifth largest in America and has a population that in 2013 was measured at 118 million. Mexico has 31 different states and a federal district which is the capital Mexico City which is also the country’s largest city. This country has been very important to several different civilizations such as Olmec, Toltec, Zapotec, Maya and Aztecs. In 1521, Spain conquered and colonized the territory that gained independence in 1821 and became Mexico.

More about Mexico

When the country gained independence, a period of economic instability followed. During the Mexican-American War, Mexico ceded part of its territory to the United States. In 1910, the country underwent a revolution that ended with the introduction of the political system that is still used today. Mexico has one of the world’s largest economies and is the tenth largest oil producer in the world. A large part of the world’s silver also comes from this country. It is also a country that many want to visit. In 2010, it was estimated that Mexico was the world’s tenth most visited country with around 22.5 million foreign visitors each year.

Geography and climate

Mexico is located in the southern part of North America and most of the country is located on the North American tectonic plate. Geopolitically, Mexico is seen entirely as part of North America along with the United States and Canada. Mexico is crossed from north to south by two mountain ranges, namely the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Sierra Madre Occidental. The latter is an extension of the Rocky Mountains in northern North America. From east to west in the center of the country, the country is crossed by the Mexican volcanic belt which is also called the Sierra Nevada. There is a fourth mountain range in the country called the Sierra Madre del Sur. In practice, this means that a large part of central and northern Mexico consists of places of high altitude. The three largest population centers are located in valleys between the four mountain areas and they are Toluca, Greater Mexico City and Puebla.

According to, the country has a tropical and temperate climate. During summer and autumn, coastal areas are often hit by hurricanes. Many of the country’s largest cities are located in the Mexico Valley, but here you are at such a high level above sea level that you have a temperate climate all year round with temperatures of between 16 and 18 ° C. In northern Mexico, there is a dry climate with sporadic rainfall while parts of the tropical lowlands can get plenty of rainfall.

Economy and tourism

Since the late 1990s, the majority of Mexico’s population has belonged to an ever-growing middle class. But between 2004 and 2008, the poor part of the population grew and this has continued with an increase in the proportion of the population living in extreme poverty. During the beginning of the 2000s, the electronics industry has grown strongly and Mexico is counted as the sixth largest country in this industry after China, the USA, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. Electronics are mainly exported to the USA and these are mostly TVs, screens, computers, mobile phones and other electronic devices. Mexico is also a major manufacturer of cars and many different car brands have chosen to develop and produce parts in this country.

Mexico is also a very popular tourist destination. People come from all corners of the world to take part in festivals, see ruins, enjoy beaches and experience the country’s unique culture. Most come during the month of December and in the middle of summer. Many tourists come from the United States and are largely made up of college students.

Mexico Geography

About the author