Monaco Economics and Business

Monaco is a small European country located on the French Riviera. Despite its size, the economy of Monaco is very diverse and prosperous. The principality has one of the highest GDP per capita in the world and its citizens enjoy a high standard of living.

The economy of Monaco is largely driven by tourism, which accounts for over half of the country’s GDP. In addition to tourism, Monaco also benefits from its status as a tax haven and its close proximity to France and Italy. Real estate, banking and financial services are important industries in Monaco as well. The principality also has a thriving luxury goods industry which produces items such as watches, jewelry, perfumes, cosmetics, clothing and accessories.

Monaco’s government encourages foreign investment by providing incentives such as tax advantages for investors. In addition to this, Monaco has an educated workforce with many people speaking multiple languages which makes it attractive for foreign companies looking to do business in the principality.

According to cheeroutdoor, Monaco’s government has invested heavily into infrastructure over the years in order to accommodate the growing number of tourists that visit each year as well as businesses looking to invest in the principality. Additionally, Monaco is working towards becoming more energy efficient by investing in renewable energy sources such as solar power.

Overall, Monaco’s economy continues to be strong and prosperous despite its size due to its diverse economic base and favorable tax environment for businesses and individuals alike. The principality is also continuing to invest into infrastructure and renewable energy sources which could help attract more foreign investment into the country in future years.

Monaco’s gross domestic product (GDP) increased by 10.9 percent in the period from 2008 to 2018. GDP per capita is $ 185,744 (2018). Monaco has the highest GDP per capita in the world. Monaco’s residents do not pay income and wealth taxes, and corporate taxes are low.

Monaco Economics and Business

Service industries

According to COUNTRYAAH, tourism is the country’s most important source of income. Monaco is especially known for the Monte Carlo casino. In 2017, 355,000 tourists visited the country. Most tourists come from Italy, France, the UK, USA, Germany and Russia. Monaco is also an important banking and financial center. The state is the largest owner of the Société des Bains de Mer, which operates the casino, restaurants and hotels, the opera and hosts the Monte Carlo Rally and Monaco Grand Prix.


In the Fontvieille industrial area, which lies in an area extracted from the sea, there is light industry. Production includes pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, beer and chocolate, as well as electrical and electronic equipment.


Fishing and farming are insignificant in Monaco, abbreviated as MCO by

Transport and Communications

The total road network is 100 kilometers. There are good road links to both France and Italy. The Principality is linked to the French railway network. Hercules Port, which is a deep water port, is the country’s largest port. The nearest international airport is at Nice.

Note: the capital city of Monaco is Monaco . Other major cities include Monaco consists of a cohesive urban development.

Foreign Trade

In 2018, Monaco’s exports amounted to USD 964.6 million, while imports amounted to USD 1370 million. With this, the country had a deficit in the foreign trade balance of over US $ 400 million. Monaco has a customs union with France. In 2002, the euro became the country’s currency.

MONACO. – The internal life of the principality was above all upset by a dynastic crisis which for some time threatened the traditional tranquility of the tiny state. In January 1933 the hereditary princess Carlotta renounced the succession in favor of her son Raniero, at the same time asking for a divorce from her husband Prince Pietro di Polignac; the question was accepted by the sovereign prince. But in February the president of the National Assembly rejected the request for divorce, motivating the refusal with the fact that in the event of the death of Prince Louis, the Council of Regency chosen for the duration of Raniero’s minority would have been unsuitable for government. On the other hand, at the end of February the order of the prince of February 18 with which the divorce of Princess Carlotta was pronounced. The solution was reached only at the end of November 1934, when the princess withdrew the renunciation of the succession to the throne, thus eliminating the inconvenience, in the event of the death of Prince Louis, of having to set up a regency council for Prince Raniero. In March 1937, Prince Louis obtained that the Prince of Polignac could not change the residence of his son Raniero, who lived in England.

In November 1931, Prince Louis set up a council of notables to assist the government and ensure the observance of the traditions of the past and the defense of the principality’s interests. The members of the council are nominated by the prince.

The budget, whose income derives mainly from the Monte Carlo Casino, fluctuates around 10 million francs. On 4 October 1936 the National Bank of Monaco was created, a state bank with the privilege of issuing.

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